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By Julie Artz on Mar 28, 2024

I’ve interviewed some big names in my writing life, so I was surprised at how nervous I felt at the prospect of interviewing Nurturings’ co-founders, Barbara Nicholson and Lysa Parker, about our organization’s history and impact on the wider culture.

My anxiety couldn’t have been more displaced. 

Barbara and Lysa, despite their high-profile positions in Nurturings and as co-authors of the book, Attached at the Heart, are a delight to interview and tell an amazing story of how two young mothers—who were also special education teachers—went from having, as Barbara put it, “our own little support group,” to founding a global not-for-profit organization with the vision of helping parents achieve a more compassionate relationship with their children.

Q: How did you two meet?

LYSA: Let’s begin at the beginning. Barbara and I met at a La Leche League (LLL) meeting in Nashville, Tennessee (USA), in 1980. She had just moved from Texas (USA) and was a LLL leader applicant. We started talking and found out we had a lot in common. We were both special education teachers, and our husbands were singers/songwriters. Both our husbands were from Texas, so they knew some of the same people. That’s how our friendship began. 

Because of our friendship, Barbara shared with me what she learned through LLL and was a great support.

In 1985, I moved to Alabama (USA) due to my husband’s new work. I became a LLL leader in 1986, and went back to teaching in 1990. It was a real culture shock for me, because I’d gone from this world of loving, caring mothers surrounded by babies and young children where everybody is nurturing toward their children and each other. 

I found myself stuck in a portable classroom with rambunctious seventh- and eighth-grade students with learning disabilities. Many were emotionally disturbed; they were already initiating for gangs, and one student was a father. I remember looking in their folders and seeing the problems they had in kindergarten and wondering why no one intervened—believing in my heart that parenting could have prevented so many of these problems.

BARBARA: I remember thinking as my children got older, “I can’t imagine going back in the classroom knowing what I know.” I would feel like I wasn’t really serving the students if I didn’t promote parenting. I see prevention as the answer. Maybe 10 to 15 percent of these special education children had a true learning disability, and the rest of them just needed someone to sit and hold them and read to them and give them attention. 

Even in the late 1970s when I was teaching, it was hard to find a parent who was taking the time to give their children special attention. Parents wanted the teachers to take care of that for them, and when the children got home from school, they sat in front of the television. And this was suburban America, not high-risk or inner-city schools; it was a middle class area, not poor.

Dr. Isabelle Fox (former member of Nurturings’ Board of Directors) told us very similar stories. She started her practice in the late 1950s, worked through the 1990s, and the shift in the culture that she has seen during that time is profound. When she was first a young therapist, the mother usually stayed home with the children, so the mother could give the therapist information about the background of the child or what might have led to fears or anxieties. 

In the present day, Dr. Fox said the mothers don’t know what goes on in the child’s life, because they’re in substitute care with many changing caregivers. If it was a nanny, which is what she recommends for substitute care, at least it would be one stable caregiver who would know the child well. But in most situations, it’s not one stable caregiver; it’s a constant rotation, even in the best daycare situations.

Q: When did you realize you wanted to found Nurturings?

BARBARA: We were reading these great books, like High Risk: Children Without a Conscience by Ken Magid. We actually met him later; he was a real catalyst. Then we read For Your Own Good by Alice Miller. All of a sudden, light bulbs were going on about why parents were having such a hard time learning about positive discipline with their own children: because most of us had not been parented that way.

You are so deeply imprinted by the way you were treated as a child. Reactions people think of as instinctual would not be the normal reaction if you’d been raised lovingly. That was a huge “ah ha” moment for us. I subscribed to a journal published by the National Association of Parents and Professionals for Safe Alternatives in Childbirth, and the publishers, Lee and David Stewart, had reviewed Alice Miller’s book. 

So there was this explosion of ideas in the late 1980s. We knew about Dr. William Sears and LLL, but then you have these psychologists giving us the cultural overlay: the punishing culture we live in, that parents only knew what they learned as they were raised.

LYSA: If we had learned about Attachment Theory in college, we didn’t remember, so we’d go to the library and it was like a treasure hunt. 

We found out about Dr. John Bowlby (known as the “father of Attachment Theory") and Dr. James Clark Moloney. We got photocopies of a book of Dr. Moloney’s from Susan Switzer, an LLL leader in Georgia. 

Dr. Moloney was a psychiatrist who had been sent to Okinawa right after World War II as part of a team processing folks who had suffered greatly during the war. He found that, in spite of everything that had happened to them, they had happy dispositions. They weren’t bitter but were resilient, kind, calm, and it piqued his curiosity. He observed them, and what he found was that their parenting created a culture of compassion.

Moloney called it “permissive parenting” at the time, where the child is the sole occupation of the mother for the first two years, then the siblings become part of the care of the child. Okinawan parents were very respectful of the children, contrary to what he had observed in the United States. 

He came back to the United States to work with the Cornelian Corner (a group of progressive pediatricians at Wayne State University) and started teaching American parents how to parent like the Okinawans. Even though the program wasn’t considered a success, it ultimately had its influence through Moloney’s association with LLL International.

So then we started scheming: What can we do? We wanted to start an organization.

BARBARA: So we wrote a letter to Dr. Elliot Barker, who founded the Canadian Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (CSPCC), asking if we could found an American chapter. He had given a talk at a LLL conference that was reprinted in Mothering magazine. 

The day I moved into this house, October 1, 1992, right after we got the phone plugged in, it rang. It was Dr. Barker calling from Canada. I had to go hide in a closet and try to sound professional. I dropped everything to talk to him while people were carrying in boxes downstairs. 

I thought he was going to tell me how to join, but actually he told us if he had it to do over again, he would do so much more than just publishing Empathic Parenting (the CSPCC’s quarterly journal published from 1978-2003). He mentored us from then on and told us to use a grassroots approach. It will start slow, and it will build, he said, but that’s what’s going to change the culture.

LYSA: Dr. Barker emphasized having a strong mission and a strong vision, because he’d seen organizations get watered down over time and ultimately fold because they didn’t stay true to their mission. He wrote letters to important people asking them to send letters of endorsement, which they did, and suggested forming a strong advisory board of well-known experts. 

Thanks to Dr. Barker, we believe we found our spiritual calling: He made us feel that this is what we were meant to do.

Our very first website was created in 1995 by a computer lab teacher at my school. This website became the open door to parents around the world. In 1997, we were contacted by some moms in Seattle, Washington (USA), who wanted to start a local group. We asked them to help us pioneer the support group model for us, which they agreed to take on, and they helped us come up with our very first support group materials.

BARBARA: About that time, we hired our first employee, fellow LLL Leader Zan Buckner, who started out just doing filing and then helped us so much with our early materials. We had a wonderful group of LLL friends who wanted to expand their horizons. They were excellent parenting resources. At the conferences, you could really expand on the philosophy of LLL and move into parenting, and that’s where we heard so many fantastic speakers. 

So many LLL leaders were ready to do more, so they joined us.

Our first LLL conference as co-founders of Nurturings (originally called Attachment Parenting International) was in Indianapolis, Indiana (USA), with our exhibit that looked like a science fair project—a cardboard, three-sided exhibit with magazine cutouts. We’ll always be school teachers at heart! 

One of the founders of LLL and their new executive director was there. They were so supportive of what we were doing. Since then, we have met every founder, and they all said they wish they could have done what we were doing—expand their mission into parenting. 

There wouldn’t be Nurturings without the experience of breastfeeding our babies—learning to trust our bodies and ourselves as parents. Some of us were the first generation in several generations to breastfeed.

Q: Can you talk a little bit about the struggles of founding a not-for-profit?

LYSA: Every time we’ve gotten to the point where we were about to give up, because we didn’t have enough money or resources or we were burned out, someone or something has come along and helped us out. I don’t want to sound preachy, but we’ve turned it over to God: If it’s meant to be, it will survive.

It’s a constant miracle in our lives to see how Nurturings keeps hanging in there. We will always be indebted to Pam Stone and Christy Farr (former executive directors of Nurturings) for their dedication. 

To us, it’s so important and nourishing to hear from parents and professionals. We’ve talked to people who knew John Bowlby, and they’ve said he would be proud of what we’re doing. His quote that I love is: “If a community cares for its children, it must cherish its parents.” He held support groups for parents when he was practicing medicine at the Tavistock Clinic in London, UK. What an inspiration!

Q: How has Nurturings gone about changing culture?

LYSA: You can’t change generations of behaviors in one generation, but you can begin the change.

So often, parenting is blamed for troubles in a relationship or with children. But really, it has to do with the individual and collective experiences we bring to a relationship. That’s why Giving the Love that Heals by Harville Hendrix and Helen Hunt is such an important book. You’ve got to raise your consciousness about yourself so that you’re more conscious with your children. 

Our children are grown now, but we’re still working on this with them and will be with our grandchildren.

BARBARA: Sometimes we hear of parents who say their own parents stayed together for the children but did not work on the issues in their marriage. The children absorbed the dysfunction in their family. They had not been given a model for a healthy relationship. 

We’re proud that our book, Attached at the Heart, and our organization, Nurturings, emphasize how important it is for couples to model positive, loving interactions and ideally to work on their issues as a couple before they become parents.

LYSA: We can say without a doubt that we have seen the cultural shift begin. It’s reflected in the media. Like-minded businesses have popped up all over the Internet. People from all over the world contact Nurturings for advice and resources. With our professional training, we have seen even more change in cultural attitudes and beliefs toward children and parenting.

BARBARA: We hope the parents who are out there setting such a good example in their communities will continue to nurture their children and each other, family by family creating a more compassionate world.

by Rita Brhel on Mar 28, 2024

I remember when the first edition of the book, Attached at the Heart, was released in 2009 – Nurturings’ 15th anniversary since its founding by the book’s coauthors, Barbara Nicholson and Lysa Parker.

Attached at the Heart was an absolute labor of love, and all of Nurturings’ volunteer staff, Board members, and local parent group leaders around the world were ecstatic to share in Barbara and Lysa’s celebration of their book. Here’s what the coauthors had to say about their book at the time:

LYSA: The book, Attached at the Heart, is a culmination of the last 20 or more years since we had our first conversations about wanting to help children and parents. In our book, we paint the big picture and give the reader the reasons why parenting is important, as well as the Eight Principles of Parenting and the research to support those reasons. We want to give parents the researched information and empower them to make their own informed decisions.

BARBARA: The other important message of the book is the title: Attached at the Heart. We wanted to have something about nurturing or connection in the title to capture all of these philosophical concepts we've been talking about.

This year, Nurturings celebrates its 30th anniversary with the release of Attached at the Heart’s third edition. I’ve spent much time reflecting on the past 15 years since this book was first published. I am excited to share with you what Barbara and Lysa have to say about this third edition:

Q: What has changed in Attached at the Heart since the last edition of the book?

BARBARA: Our Eight Principles of Parenting have remained the same, but new and exciting research comes out every year! We strive to gather the most pertinent information and synthesize it in a user-friendly format that is helpful not only to parents but to parent educators, such as childbirth educators, doulas, lactation specialists, and mental health professionals. Here's just a taste of some of the new and exciting information in this third edition:

  • Positive Childhood Experiences (PCEs) buffer and reduce the harms from inevitable Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs). Recent research has shown that positive childhood experiences and relational buffers can mitigate the impact on physical and psychological health of adverse childhood experiences.
    Parents are modeling and guiding their child’s emotional responses. Babies cannot regulate intense emotions on their own. Parents deserve effective coping tools to help them help their babies learn to recover from stress. This book offers strategies to help parents effectively manage stresses and tensions.
  • Resilience arises from children receiving nurturing care. Resilience isn’t about tough love but rather guiding and teaching children strategies to navigate life’s stressors with a safety net of connection.
  • Gentle alternatives to sleep training are now more mainstream. Our book offers gentle strategies to help babies sleep without resorting to cry-it-out approaches. These tried-and-true methods have helped many exhausted parents get more sleep while still meeting their babies’ needs.

Q: What has changed in the parenting world since your 1st and 2nd editions of Attached the Heart?

BARBARA: For one thing, Nurturings has truly gone "International!" Because of professionals around the world finding us online, our book is now translated into Greek, Turkish, and soon to be Spanish. It has been adapted to a parenting curriculum, and parents can attend parenting classes on Zoom.

It seems there's always two sides to every story, and it's no different in the parenting world. On the positive side, we have so much more information on infant brain development, research in healthy relationships between parent and child, and optimum infant nutrition and care. Parents can more easily find information and support online at the touch of their fingertips, 24 hours a day. Things like Zoom meetings and webinars were not available to parents when we first published the book in 2009, yet now it's a part of our everyday lives.

The downside could be seen in all these aspects, too, because it's hard for parents to investigate everything they read or see accurate is the information? Is it backed by sound child development research and practices? What if my pediatrician is saying something different than what I've read or heard? We know that mental health issues are being diagnosed at younger and younger ages, with medications being prescribed even for toddlers.

Our hope is that as we normalize nurturing, and focus on Positive Childhood Experiences, we all play a role in providing the resources that parents, families, and children require for flourishing. It’s important that we continue to prioritize resources for each new generation of healthy parenting, providing support and strategies for giving parents and their children the precious time they need in the early years and as their children grow.

Q: What has been the impact of Attached the Heart since it was first published?

LYSA: The impact of Attached the Heart since it was first published is difficult to measure, but anecdotally parents have told us over the years how much our book meant to them. We know that healthy parenting has become mainstream due to the efforts of many other people, such as Dr. Bill and Martha Sears (who have written many like-minded parenting books), and our book has been a part of that evolution.

In Attached the Heart, we dive deeper into the Eight Principles of Parenting that provide a framework to give parents daily practical strategies and tools that support their nurturing capabilities. We recognized that parents value the information and the research that supports the principles, so they can share it with their family, friends and even their pediatricians.

In 2010, we began working on a curriculum based on our book, and from that, we have offered numerous training sessions for professionals with the intent of preparing them to teach parenting classes in their own communities. This effort has led to several international trainings, and there is continued interest.

We find it interesting and telling about our culture that this information is more readily accepted in some other cultures than in the United States. We know that modern times bring modern stresses. We know that today there is a mental health crisis and that parents are burnt out from the COVID pandemic. Through Nurturings, our goal has always been to make research-based information and support available to more parents. Our trained professionals and volunteer staff are also parents. We have lived experience, and we know how hard it is to find trusted information.

Q: What's the one thing that parents today must know about raising children that you address in this 3rd edition of Attached the Heart?

LYSA: The one thing that parents today must know about raising children is that becoming more informed and active participants in pregnancy, birth, and parenting is more important than it’s ever been. We encourage parents to question deeply, to probe beyond anything that doesn’t feel like the right fit for their family. What we want to do as an organization is help parents learn how to identify what is truly effective and helpful to them for their family. When we are willing to do that, we change ourselves and change the world.

by AHPP Team on Mar 28, 2024

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